Header Gradient
Eye Diseases & Conditions

Myopia (Nearsightedness)

Myopia (Nearsightedness)

Myopia (my-OH-pea-uh), or nearsightedness, is a type of refractive error. Myopia is a vision condition in which distant objects appear blurred – such as roadway signs, the board at school, faces, or the television set across the room. In severe myopia, both distant and near objects are blurry.

Individuals with severe myopia must bring objects close to their eyes to see those objects clearly if the myopia has not been corrected. Myopia can usually be corrected with glasses or contact lenses. Long-term severe myopia can increase risk of glaucoma, cataract, and retinal tears.

Myopia Diagnosis

An ophthalmologist (an eye doctor with a medical degree: MD or DO) or an optometrist (an eye doctor with an OD degree) will conduct an eye examination to find out if you have myopia.

Myopia Treatment

A range of treatments are available and more research is being done. Your ophthalmologist or optometrist will work with you to identify the right treatment. This may include eyeglasses, contact lenses, or other treatments to help you see clearly or to slow the worsening of myopia.

Resources

Contact Lenses

Getting an Eye Exam

Health Insurance and Your Eyes

Eye and Vision Care Financial Assistance